Our vast and sophisticated technological systems pose a grave danger to the Earth. Soil, water, air and life forms reel from the shock of technological power and wastes. Technology not only forms the cutting edge of human assaults on nature, it increasingly structures and dynamizes human society itself. The human community displays an ambivalence toward the impact of technology on its traditional values, its interpersonal relationships and its work ethic. Hwa Yol Jung, in his essay, raises the unsettling question of whether we are any longer moral agents in control of technology and its effects or whether it has not reached a stage of autonomy, shaping the future of the human and its relationship with the Earth. Jung argues forefully that to think of technology as an instrumentum or means to an end is outdated and only deepens our illusions about and control by technology. Science and technology are linked to an anthropocentrism and myth of progress that justify our domination of nature. Only a deconstruction of our technological mode of thinking and acting and a shift to a "deep ecology" and ecopiety is radical enough to overcome our present disastrous course.

Thomas Berry, while applauding the efforts of the Deep Ecology Movement, suggests that those individuals and communities involved in developing alternatives to our large-scale technologies point the practical way out of our dilemma. If we are to enter into a "mutually-enhancing relationship" with the Earth, claims Berry, we must move away from those economic, political and social arrangements that are energy-intensive, wasteful and ultimately unsustainable and toward a communal, decentralized and bioregional pattern of existence. The appropriate technology/bioregional approach will give us local control over our destiny, a more intimate relationship with the Earth and will place us within the self-renewing and self-sustaining dynamics of the planet.

The two essays presented in this issue are edited versions of much longer papers delivered at a conference on "Technology and Harmony with Nature," held at Lehigh University. The complete proceedings of the conference, of which the Institute was one of the sponsors, can be obtained by writing to Dr. Stephen Cutcliffe, Director, Technology Resource Center, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015. The cost is $6.00.

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